The first draft (D1) of the reference document for best available techniques (BREF) for Waste Incineration (WI) was published on 24th May. On first reading, the Best Available Techniques Associated Emission Levels (BATAELs) proposed in D1 are stricter than the current emission standards for waste-to-energy plants.
The commercial waste market in Germany until 2025Jens Gatena
This article analyzes the status quo and the future development of the market for commercial
waste in Germany. The focus is put on mixed commercial waste and its future
disposal until 2025, whereby the effects of the amendment of the Commercial Waste
Ordinance will be analyzed among others.
Martin GmbH für Umwelt- und Energietechnik Waste-to-Energy Plant Pozzilli (ENERGONUT), Italy
The ENERGONUT plant near Naples was originally erected in 1997 for the combustion of biomass. In 2005, the customer decided to modify the plant to combust so-called substitute fuels (RDF/CDR) and to upgrade it to state-of-the-art technology, particularly with regard to flue gas cleaning and utilization of energy.
Experts to topic
Dr. Anil Mehrotra Hampton/NASA Steam Plant
Assoc. Professor, MBA Konstantinos G. Aravossis WTERT-Greece, National Technical University of Athens
WTERT-Asia Inaugural Meeting April 2017 The first WTE in BrazilPhD Sergio Guerreiro Ribeiro
Presentation from WTERT-Asia Inaugural Meeting April 2017
Natural gas as a power booster fuel in sugarcane bagasse thermoelectric power plantsSergio Guerreiro Ribeiro, Jose W. Ferrari, Alexandre F. Schoubek, Celso R. Bertinotti
The use of natural gas in biomass or Waste-to-Energy (WTE) power plants is a very elegant, highly efficient solution, and is done in several WTE plants around the world.
China Everbright International Limited Everbright International Nanjing Waste-to-energy Project Phase II Completes Construction and Commences Operation
China Everbright International Limited ("Everbright International" or the "Group") (HKSE: 00257) is pleased to announce that the Group's Nanjing Waste-to-energy Project ("Nanjing Project" or the "Project") Phase II has completed construction three months ahead of schedule and commenced commercial operation.
China Everbright International Limited Everbright International Secures Sichuan Leshan Waste-to-energy Project
China Everbright International Limited ("Everbright International" or the "Group") (HKSE: 00257) is pleased to announce that the Group has signed a concession agreement for a household waste-to-energy project with the People's Government of Leshan City in Sichuan Province, to invest and construct the Leshan Waste-to-energy Project ("Leshan Project"), with a total investment of approximately RMB650 million.
Gatwick and DHL open new waste management plant – becoming the first airport in the world to turn Category 1 airline waste into energy onsite
Gatwick Airport and DHL Supply Chain today formally open a new waste management plant, becoming the first airport in the world to turn airport waste, such as food and packaging, into energy onsite.
CEWEP e.V. Waste-to-Energy Communication: the mountain brought forth a mouse
“This Communication, when it was first announced in 2015, created big expectations. It was supposed to use the newest scientific data to help policy makers see WtE for what it is – a strong partner in the Circular Economy and Energy Union. Unfortunately, the resulted text has more basis in political considerations rather than in facts and science”, Ferdinand Kleppmann, the President of CEWEP summarises.
Martin GmbH für Umwelt- und Energietechnik Waste-to-Energy Plant ICTR Giubiasco, Switzerland
The canton of Ticino has secured safe disposal of household and commercial waste for decades to come with the successful commissioning of the Giubiasco WTE plant in Bellinzona. The design throughput of the plant with its remarkable architec-ture, a landmark in the Maggadino Landscape, is 130,000 t/a.
Renergia Zentralschweiz AG Waste-to-Energy (WtE) facility in Canton Lucerne
Renergia, a brand new Waste-to-Energy (WtE) facility opened in Canton Lucerne, shows that Waste-to-Energy can provide reliable heat for industries.
TK Verlag - Fachverlag für Kreislaufwirtschaft Application of Modified NiCrMo Alloy Systems for Boiler Tube Surface Protection in Waste-to-Energy EnvironmentsIain Hall, Kwang Han, Dr. Tri Shrestha
Internationally, Waste to Energy and Incineration markets continue to grow in capacity as fossil fueled facilities decline and nuclear generation is curtailed. With this comes a greater need to burn more corrosive materials combust at higher temperatures and extract more energy. The reliability burden that this places on operators of plants is re-opening opportunities for thermal spray solutions as a cost effective solution for boiler tube protection. Where maintenance costs, opportunity costs and access restrictions may preclude alternative in-situ technologies, thermal spray technology may fill a gap in providing new reliable and flexible process and materials technologies for both mid- and long-term protection of water wall and superheater tubes. While historically thermal spray coating solutions have had a spotty record in waste to energy environments, advances in both process and materials technology specifically for WTE environments is such that coating performance now approaches the performance of high alloy wrought materials. This is verified through accurate laboratory modeling and scale tests and trials conducted by OEM’s and plants.
TK Verlag - Fachverlag für Kreislaufwirtschaft Significance of and Challenges for Flue Gas Treatment Systems in Waste IncinerationProfessor Dr.-Ing. Rudi Karpf, Andreas Wiedl
Flue gas cleaning downstream of waste incineration plants had its origins in the increased construction and deployment of such plants to counter rising air pollution in the nineteen-sixties. Back then, the ever-growing burden on the environment caused lawmakers to start enacting emission limits for air pollution control. An unceasing series of environmental scandals and increasingly better analytical methods and measuring instrumentation led to a constant reduction of the emission limits and, consequently, to ongoing adjustment and further development of the necessary process stages in flue gas cleaning. As a result, today minimum emissions can be reached even under the challenging condition of deployment of a very inhomogeneous fuel (waste) and, hence, waste incineration today is no longer a key contributor to air pollution. Today, the need for flue gas cleaning is not called into doubt anymore and has long become a matter of course in the industry and in society at large. Apart from ensuring efficient elimination of noxious gases, the focus of today’s further developments is on issues such as energy efficiency, minimization of input materials and recovery and recycling of by-products from flue gas cleaning as valuable raw materials. These issues are also deemed to be key challenges, especially when it comes to selecting sites for new plants in such a manner that potential synergies can be exploited. Such aspects will also have to be considered in the plans for the predicted mega-cities of the future.
TK Verlag - Fachverlag für Kreislaufwirtschaft Review of the Best Available Techniques Reference Document (BREF) for Waste Incineration – What is the Current Status?Dipl.-Ing. Markus Gleis
The Best Available Techniques Reference Documents (BREF) are a central point of technical environmental protection in Europe. This involves connected to the IED a higher liability of the BREF because they are updated regularly. Even their further implementation and monitoring at the national level were laid down precisely.
TK Verlag - Fachverlag für Kreislaufwirtschaft New Waste-to-Energy Facility Energy Works Hull, United KingdomAdam Shore
Energy Works Hull (the Project) is a milestone project for the UK’s waste and renewable energy sector. It will be one of the largest gasification facilities receiving MSW in the UK, indeed in Europe. It is one of the first advanced conversion technology Projects to receive its renewable electricity subsidies through a Contract for Difference, the mechanism by which the UK Government determined to move from Renewable Obligation Certificates following its Electricity Market Reform process. It also plays a significant part of the urban regeneration of the City of Hull. The level of community engagement and benefit has resulted in the project receiving a GBP19.9M grant from the European Union’s Regional Development Fund.
TK Verlag - Fachverlag für Kreislaufwirtschaft Enhancing of the Energy Efficiency of an Existing Waste Incineration Plant by Retrofitting with a District Heating NetworkProf. Dr.-Ing. Wolfgang Rommel, Thorsten Freudenberger, Dipl.-Ing. (FH) Markus Hertel, Thomas Moritz
The German Cycle Economy Act (Kreislaufwirtschaftsgesetz KrWG) and discussions on the turn of local energy policies led to intensive examination of options for optimising utilisation of heat produced by the waste incineration plant (MKW) in Weißenhorn. This has been carried out by the waste management firm(Abfallwirtschaftsbetrieb – AWB) of the district of Neu-Ulm over a long period of time. This was also prompted by knowledge that utilisation of already generated energy in the form of combined heat and power generation (CHP) is one of the most efficient ways of achieving climate protection targets. This results from considering which courses of action are available for climate protection.
TK Verlag - Fachverlag für Kreislaufwirtschaft International Experience of Risks Sharing between Public and Private Entities in Energy-from-Waste Plants ConstructionChristophe Cord´Homme
Imagine that you are the mayor of a city named Metropolis and are in Charge of School logistics. Before doing so, you might have to ask yourself a few essential questions. What kind of transportation will you provide? Who will it benefit: students, staff or both? Where will the service be provided? When will it be provided: in the evening, morning? And finally, how much will it cost? All these essential questions need to be answered before starting to implement this project and to buy your buses. By doing so, planning, financing, building and operating the chosen mean of Transportation will become an easier task. After that, your political decisions will direct the choice of implication of private sector on the different aspects of your project.
TK Verlag - Fachverlag für Kreislaufwirtschaft Complex Approach towards the Assessment of Waste-to-Energy Plants’ Future PotentialDr. Martin Pavlas, Ondrej Putna, Jiri Kropác, Professor Dr.-Ing. habil. Dr. h. c. Petr Stehlik
There is a fierce debate ongoing about future recycling targets for municipal solid waste (MSW) at the European level. The old linear concept of waste management is being changed into a circular economy. Since the separation yield and post-recycling MSW (later on residual solid waste, RSW) production have an opposite relationship, assuming the constant production of particular components (paper, plastics etc.), lower RSW rates are also expected. This is having a negative effect on Waste-to-energy (WtE); especially in terms of its future optimum capacity in particular countries.
TK Verlag - Fachverlag für Kreislaufwirtschaft How to Optimize Recycling Rates Using Waste IncinerationTill Lemme, Wilfried Frehmann
The improvement of recycling and reuse of waste is becoming more and more important and it is generally preferred compared to waste incineration. In fact, the incineration of waste is often considered the last alternative when recycling of a certain waste fraction is technically not possible or there is simply no market for the corresponding fraction of the waste. But instead of considering waste incineration as being contradictory to recycling, it may also be considered as an alternative way to achieve higher recycling rates. The main goal of waste to energy is the use of the chemical energy contained in the carbon and drogen, and transfer this into thermal energy. But all other elements contained in the waste will of course also be found in the various residue streams leaving the plant. For these residue streams there are possibilities for further treatment, enabling Separation of certain elements, improvement of the quality of a residue stream to allow re-use on the market or even potential for the preparation of a new product.
TK Verlag - Fachverlag für Kreislaufwirtschaft Overview of the Pyrolysis and Gasification Processes for Thermal Disposal of WasteDr. Jürgen Vehlow
Thermal treatment of waste started in the 1870s in England with the first waste incineration plants and this technology was in short time adopted by many industrialised countries. Starting in the late 1970s waste incineration was blamed for emission of toxic compounds, in particular of dioxins, and public pressure initiated the decree of more and more stringent air emission standards in all countries which, again, induced significant improvement of the environmental performance of waste incineration.
TK Verlag - Fachverlag für Kreislaufwirtschaft Resource Recovery from Waste Using the Input Flexibility of Waste Gasification TechnologyNobuhiro Tanigaki, Ryo Makishi, Toshimi Nagata
Nowadays, gasification of waste or biomass is becoming the great interest all over the world. Especially, gasification of municipal solid waste (MSW) has been well-researched in Japan. The development of MSW gasification technology was started in the 1970s in Japan because of oil crisis. Several technologies have been researched and developed. The Direct Melting System (DMS), which is the gasification and melting technology developed by Nippon Steel & Sumikin Engineering Co., Ltd., is one of the developed waste gasification technologies in this era. This technology was introduced for commercial use in Kamaishi City, Japan in 1979. As well as this waste technology, other gasification technologies have been developed for commercial use and installed.
TK Verlag - Fachverlag für Kreislaufwirtschaft Regenerative Thermal Oxidation in the Cement Industry – Technology and Operation –Thomas Binninger, Dr. Kai Schulze
The cement industry plays a pivotal role in meeting society’s needs for housing and infrastructure. Cement is one of the most important and widely used commodities in the world and is therefore a key ingredient of economic development. Current world production of cement is well above 4,500 million tons per year and growing.
TK Verlag - Fachverlag für Kreislaufwirtschaft The Added Value of the Balance Method for Waste-to-Energy Operators and National AuthoritiesDipl.-Ing. Dr. Johann Fellner, Professor Dipl.-Ing. Dr. Helmut Rechberger, Therese Schwarzböck
Different directives of the European Union may require operators of Waste to Energy WTE plants to monitor the composition of their waste feed with respect to the Content of biomass and fossil organic matter. The mass fractions of both materials are not only of relevance for the amount of fossil and thus climate relevant CO2 emissions of the plant, but also for the ratio of renewable energy generated, as biomass in wastes is considered as renewable energy source.
TK Verlag - Fachverlag für Kreislaufwirtschaft Innovative Application Methods of Slags from High-Temperature-Gasifying-and-Direct-Melting SystemMasato Katafuchi, Prof. Stanislaw Stryczek, Radoslaw Mróz, Wojciech Wons
JFE High-Temperature Gasifying and Direct Melting Furnace System (hereinafter Gasifying and Melting System) was developed to treat any kind of wastes and to contribute to energy and material recovery. Gasifying and Melting System was developed by integrating company’s original technologies for the iron-making blast furnace and fluidized bed for incineration plants, which the company cultivated over many years. The company’s advanced technologies in these two different fields were combined and integrated into the unique Gasifying and Melting System. This system is a proven technology that realizes high performance
TK Verlag - Fachverlag für Kreislaufwirtschaft New Developments for an Efficient SNCR Monitoring and Regulation System by Evaluating the NOx Mass Flow ProfileDipl.-Ing. Bernd von der Heide
When the SNCR process was introduced first in the eighties of the last century the focus was directed towards applying this low cost technology mainly in combustion plants where only relatively low NOx reduction rates were required. In these types of boilers, like waste-to-energy plants (WtE), the required NOx limits < 200 mg/Nm3 could be maintained easily. Today, NOx limits of 100 mg/Nm3 and lower can be achieved and guaranteed at all operating conditions for these applications. Therefore, the SNCR process represents the Best Available Technology (BAT) today. As a result, more and more owners of waste-to-energy plants take advantage of the low costs at comparable performance and replace their existing SCR system with SNCR.
TK Verlag - Fachverlag für Kreislaufwirtschaft Wrong Tracks in Waste ManagementDipl.-Ing. Thomas Vollmeier, Lukas Schwank, Dipl. Chem. Ing. Luciano Pelloni
Waste Management is ubiquitous in our everyday life. Economic prosperity and the abundance of materialistic goods imply the generation of waste. In parallel the public awareness for environmentally sound solutions in the field of waste management is raising. This context imposes challenging conditions for political leaders. Often politicians are confronted to take decisions about concepts or investments in waste management without independent expertise. They are approached by vendors of waste treatment technologies or concepts, claiming high environmental and energetic performance, combined with profitable cost – benefit rates.
TK Verlag - Fachverlag für Kreislaufwirtschaft Feasability Study of Capturing CO2 from the Klemetsrud CHP Waste-to-Energy Plant in OsloJohnny Stuen
The municipality of Oslo by Energigjennvinningsetaten (EGE) was in December 2015 awarded funding from Gassnova – a state owned company that coordinates the Norwegian CCS-work – to conduct a feasibility study. The purpose of the feasibility study was to demonstrate at least one workable solution for carbon capture from energy recovery for waste, with technical descriptions, cost estimates, project plan and plan and budget for the next phase.