North America's First Circular Economy Framework
Challenges and OpportunitiesJonathan Cocker
In January 2017, the Ontario Government began implementing North America’s first circular economy waste diversion regimei ("Circular Economy Framework"), which included Independent Producer Responsibility ("IPR").
Lehrstuhl für Abfallverwertungstechnik und Abfallwirtschaft der Montanuniversität Leoben Current Practices and Future Management Options of Medical Waste Management in TurkeyAssist. Prof. Dr. Hasan Sarptaş, Bırcan Dındar, B. Sakız, Prof. Dr. Ertugrul Erdin
Medical wastes constitute a larger portion of infectious wastes that are potentially dangerous since they contain pathogenic agents. While sustainable management of municipal solid waste, wastewater sludge and construction and demolition waste gain significant attention, medical waste has not attracted the same level of attention as other types of wastes, especially in developing countries. Therefore, medical waste management is still a critical issue in many countries due to ist potential environmental hazards and public health risks.
TK Verlag - Fachverlag für Kreislaufwirtschaft International Experience of Risks Sharing between Public and Private Entities in Energy-from-Waste Plants ConstructionChristophe Cord´Homme
Imagine that you are the mayor of a city named Metropolis and are in Charge of School logistics. Before doing so, you might have to ask yourself a few essential questions. What kind of transportation will you provide? Who will it benefit: students, staff or both? Where will the service be provided? When will it be provided: in the evening, morning? And finally, how much will it cost? All these essential questions need to be answered before starting to implement this project and to buy your buses. By doing so, planning, financing, building and operating the chosen mean of Transportation will become an easier task. After that, your political decisions will direct the choice of implication of private sector on the different aspects of your project.
TK Verlag - Fachverlag für Kreislaufwirtschaft Future Development of Waste Management in China According to the 13th Five-Year PlanYanglong Li, Zhai Zhengyu, Dr. Wenchao Teng, Professor Tianhua Yang, Prof. Dr. Rundong Li
Municipal solid waste (MSW) known as trash or garbage consists of food waste, paper, cardboard, plastics, PET, glass, textiles, metals, wood and leather, nappies, slug, ash, etc. are arising from human and animal activities. The rapid development and urbanization of China have resulted in an increasing volume of MSW. So the problem of MSW management has become a major social problem, but one the other hand, because of their intrinsic properties, MSW are often reusable and may be considered a resource for energy recovery. The delivering quantity of household waste averages 179 million tons in China, and the amount of untreated MSW over the years has reached 7 billion tons.
bifa Umweltinstitut GmbH bifa Text No. 64: Hygienically optimised collection of biowastes with ecovio biowaste bagsDr. Klaus Hoppenheidt, Jadranka Grganovic, Susanne Nischwitz
In the bifa Text No 64, the collection of biowaste without biowaste bags was compared to collection in paper bags, PE bags and biowaste bags made of the compostable plastic ecovio.
European Compost Network ECN e.V. Operational viability of including selective biowaste collection in the city of Campo Grande, MS, BrazilTiago Ramalho, Karina Souza
The recent Brazilian Solid Waste Policy establishes that the Municipality is responsible for awarding separate collection systems, composting system to implant biowaste and articulate with the economic and social agents ways
to use the compost produced, however, there are operational hurdles that hinder their implementation. The biowaste in Brazil represent about 60% of total domestic waste collected, and in most cities these wastes are destined for
landfills or dumps. In Campo Grande, MS, there is selective collection for dry waste and the biowaste is collected as undifferentiated. Therefore, this paper proposes an analysis of the operational viability of including biowaste in
the selective collection of the Municipality, inclusion of recyclable materials in the organic recycling process and the identification of potential consumers for the generated compost.
European Compost Network ECN e.V. Planning, starting, optimising separate collection of organics: approaches and results (including city centres)Dr. Enzo Favoino
Separate collection of organics is a key part of schemes to achieve highest rates of recovery of materials. Also, it allows recovery of clean organic resources, which are then suitable for application onto farmlands, thereby causing multiple beneficial effects as
- locking C in soils (which helps tackling climate change)
- fighting desertification and erosion
- reducing use of mineral fertilisers (and eutrophication that may occur in sensitive areas and wetlands)
- preventing pathogens thanks to the suppressive power (which reduces use of pesticides), etc.
European Compost Network ECN e.V. Monitoring and Evaluation of waste prevention activities in Selected GroupsAntonis Zorpas, Dr. Katia Lasaridi, Pantelitsa Loiziab, Christina Chroni, Andriani Georgiou
According to Waste Framework Directive (directive 2008/98/EC), waste prevention are the measures taken before a substance, material or product has become waste, that reduce the quantity of waste, the adverse impacts of the generated waste on environmental and human health or the content of harmful substances.
European Compost Network ECN e.V. The separate collection of residential organic waste in the city of Milan (Italy)Paola Petrone, Danilo Vismara
The challenge of collecting the separate fractions of urban waste is at its highest when doing so from areas of high population densities with high levels of multi-occupancy housing. The City of Milan is one such area with a population density of 7000/km2 and over 80% of housing classified as multi-occupancy. In this respect it is similar to other European cities like Barcelona, Berlin and Vienna but unlike these cities, since 2012 Milan has been collecting food waste using the intensive door to door system widely adopted in less dense territories.
TK Verlag - Fachverlag für Kreislaufwirtschaft VKU Opinion on the Study Bio Intelligence Service to the European Commission (GD ENV) on Implementing EU Waste Legislation for Green GrowthDr. jur. Holger Thärichen, Dr.-Ing. Martin Gehring
Environmental legislation is mostly established as a Framework at European Level. It thus defines the conditions for the activities of Member States as well as local waste Management utilities. VKU welcomes the fact that the authors of the study "Implementing EU Waste Legislation for Green Growth"¹ acknowledge the important role of local and regional public entities for the implementation of the EU waste legislation.
European Compost Network ECN e.V. How compatible are compostable bags with major industrial composting and digestion technologies?Christian Letalik, Dr. Bettina Fink, Andreas Ziermann
Industrial composting has widely implemented across in Germany for over 20 years. During the last decade and driven by legislation, the separate collection of organic waste has grown more and more popular. As a result, a broad variety of technologies of industrial composting and anaerobic digestion are in place. According to the Bundesgütegemeinschaft Kompost’s (BGK; the German Quality Assurance Association for Compost) classification scheme, there are eight major types of process, so-called ‘Hygiene-Baumusterkategorien’, which differ a lot with regard to their technical components and composting/digestion times.
European Compost Network ECN e.V. ECN-QAS -European approach for quality assurance of compost and digestateDr. Stefanie Siebert
This presentation presents the concept of the European quality assurance scheme for organic resources in respect to quality criteria for compost and digestate.
European Compost Network ECN e.V. Experimental Analysis of the Aerobic stabilization Efficiency of an existing MBT plantProf-Ing. Francesco Di Maria, Dr. Moreno Marionni, F. Castellani
The management of the Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) has been strongly improved by the last Waste FrameworkDirective 2008/98/CE, by increasing the amount of waste materials that have to be reutilized, prepared for reutilizationand/or recycled. In any case, even if these goals will be achieved, a large amount of residual MSW from the SourceSegregated collection (SS) will need to be properly managed.Incineration is a quite suitable way for managing these materials even if it is costly and not homogenously spread in thedifferent European Areas.
A. Sordi - LAR - Dipartimento di Ingegneria Industriale
C. Micale - LAR - Dipartimento di Ingegneria Industriale
G. Cirulli - LAR - Dipartimento di Ingegneria Industriale
European Compost Network ECN e.V. Compost Quality assesment and eow processus application to 4 types of compostJean-Luc Martel
Analysis of compost is of major importance because it directly impacts on its final destination. According to the level ofcontamination and the national standards in each country, compost can be used on all crops including edible vegetables,on extended agriculture, on restoration lands, as landfill cover or simply landfilled if too contaminated. The End ofWaste process introduced by the Waste Framework Directive 2008/98 and currently managed by the Joint ResearchCentre in Seville is moving a step forward.
Y. Decelle - SITA Belgium
European Compost Network ECN e.V. Leakage control of Biogas plantsDr. Joachim Clemens, Dipl.-Ing. Wolfgang Schreier
Anaerobic digestion has become a very important technology to treat organic waste and to generate renewable energy. During construction and operation leaks at biogas plants may occur and methane is emitted.
S. Neitzel - Systemtechnik Weser-Ems
S. Kohne - esders Ltd
European Compost Network ECN e.V. The waste management system on Langkawi Island, Malaysia - options for waste TreatmentEdward I. Stentiford, John R. Barton
The island of Langkawi, situated in the north west of Peninsular Malaysia, is the one of the major tourist attractions in South East Asia with area of around 360 sq km around 100,000 permanent residents (2010). As a result of tourism the number of visitors to the island could reach more than 2 million a year creating strong pressure on municipal services, especially on the waste management system.
S. Mohd Razi - University of Leeds, UK
NMC Ltd. The experiences of waste collecting company with motivation of residents and municipalities for sortingMVDr. Jiøí Neužil
Abstract and Power Point Presentation
Eigenbeiträge der Autoren Waste Management in Urban Areas: Climate Protection and Material recoveryProf. Dr. Henning Friege
PowerPoint presentation with 30 slides
ATEC Business Information GmbH - Recyclingmagazin Out of sight, out of mindChristiane Hawranek
WASTE DISPOSAL Underground waste collection is becoming increasingly popular. The system is also suitable for other recyclable materials such as glass or packaging.
ATEC Business Information GmbH - Recyclingmagazin Stop-and-go collecting wasteUta Deffke
WASTE COLLECTION VEHICLES Hybrid solutions promise numerous advantages for the waste disposal industry, but this technology is also meeting with some scepticism.
Wasteconsult international Municipal Solid Waste sorting and treatment in Romania: strategies of energy recovery from two pilot case studiesGabriela Ionescu, Dr.-Ing. Dipl. Elena Cristina Rada, Dr.-Ing. Adrian Badea, Dr.-Ing. Dipl. Marco Ragazzi, Dr.-Ing. Dipl. Tiberiu Apostol
In the past decade, one of the main topics analyzed in the waste management area is how to dispose of the large quantities of municipal solid waste (MSW).
Wasteconsult international Sensor-based Sorting Systems for the Generation of a Landfill Fraction out of the Heavy Fraction of a MBT PlantB.Sc. Martina Meirhofer, Prof. Dr. Arne Michael Ragoßnig, Dipl.-Ing. Manuel Sommer, Dipl.-Ing. Mag. Simone Pieber
Practical Experience and Comparison of Processing Alternatives
Eigenbeiträge der Autoren Reliable Waste Disposal And Clean Towns: Creating Sustainability By Involving The Local PopulationDipl.-Soziologin Ute Kerber
Waste management and city cleaning –not a big thing, is it?
NMC Ltd. Economical and environmental comparison of different collection and treatment of municipal solid waste according to life cycle assessmentZsolt István
In the beginning of 21th century there was a huge dynamic change in the practice of the solid waste management. Earlier the collected solid municipal waste went directly to the landfills without any treatment. Nowadays, we have different technologies to ensure the high recycling ratio in the solid waste treatment.
Wasteconsult international Evolution of a collection scheme in 15 years: quality and efficiency in the North Italian experienceChristian Garaffa, Cristian Roverato, Andrea Miorandi, Luca Mariotto
When considering organic waste collection, quality is always a critical aspect. This work summarizes the experience of the Northern Italian waste management public consortium TV3 (Treviso Tre), which has been running residential source separation schemes of organic waste since the mid 1990s. Today the mature separate collection scheme shows contamination rates of less than 2% in the collected feedstock.
Wasteconsult international Plastic Flows from Production to (optimal) RecyclingRoland Fehringer
During the last 50 years, plastic materials have become one of the most important types of materials used in various branches. Due to their special features, i.e. low weight, availability and costs, they have substituted or replaced many traditional materials and are at present widely applied in short- and long-life products. They are dominating the packaging market, and are more and more commonly used in automotive and building sectors. Therefore, assessment of plastic flows and their appropriate management, in accordance with the objectives of sustainable development, has recently become an important issue in modern societies, worth more comprehensive investigations.
Wasteconsult international Innovative Waste Infrastructure Procurement in the UK – Separated Waste Services and Fuel Use ContractsEuston Ling, Tim Judson
The Authority is the second largest waste disposal authority (“WDAâ€) in the UK, handling around 3% of the national municipal waste (1.3 million tonnes per annum (“tpaâ€)) by 2045). The Authority is a statutory authority, which was established in 1986 after the abolition of the Greater London Council (“GLCâ€). Its prime statutory responsibility is for the disposal of waste collected by the seven north London boroughs of Barnet, Camden, Enfield, Hackney, Haringey, Islington and Waltham Forest (the "Constituent Boroughs"). The Constituent Boroughs are also the waste collection authorities (“WCAsâ€).